Menus:

Home
About the Author
Book Preview
Front Book Cover
Back Book Cover
Book Contents
Book Supplements
Book Credits
Book Links
Book News
Book Orders
Join the Discussion
Contact Us
Quick Survey
Survey Results
FAQS
Rumors and Gossip
Visitor Statistics
International
USA Welcome
Mars Mission
Spacetime
A Little Knowledge
Final Frontier
Life Choices
Love Stories I
Love Stories II
Human Condition
The Good Life
More Money
Deficits and Debt
Hither the Future
H.A.B.C.
Raise! Too
Just for Fun
Parade of Life
Celebrate Life
GeoEarth
Open Earth
Progress
One World
Guns and Bombs I
Guns and Bombs II
War and Peace I
War and Peace II
Black Crime USA I
Black Crime USA II
4th Dimension
Olympics 2012
Good News
Call to Duty
Addiction/Recovery
Desolate Worlds
A Perfect World
Invisible Life
Joy
Sexual Rapture
Enjoy
Global Awareness
Democracy
Nations
History
History Live
Think
The Big Picture
Save the Children
A Different Way
Big Fun
Staying Alive
Cosmic Secrets 1
Cosmic Secrets 2
Cosmic Secrets 3
Cosmic Secrets 4
Cosmic Secrets 5
Cosmic Secrets 6
Places and Faces
Thriller
Derailers
California Living
Global Living
Info Superhighway
World Wide Web
Retro Web
Contempo Web
Semantic Web
XML Web
Mobile Web
Education Web
Information Web
Cloud Computing
Big Data
Health Is Wealth
Education for All
Food for All
Water for All
Prosperity for All
Nutrition for All
Justice for All
Hygiene for All
Tolerance/Respect 1
Tolerance/Respect 2
Tolerance/Respect 3
Ebola Watch 2014
Murder Watch 2015
Earth Watch
The Market System
Search Engine
PC-OS
Very Wise Humans
Memo to Humans
Work and Play
Rainbow
Web Weather Live
Annual B. Award
World War 3
Same Thing
The Human Story
12 C's
MENUS (FOOTER)


WATER FOR ALL

As I mentioned on the "Education for All" page of this website, there is no shortage of challenges and problems that humans must tackle and arrest before they realize Heaven on Earth for the living. I broadly have categorized them as biological, sociological, and international challenges. There is a growing consensus among scientists that one of the most immediate and urgent challenges facing humankind is the availability of clean, fresh, drinkable water for all inhabitants of Earth.

Watch (Water Cycle)




Watch (NASA | Earth's Water Cycle)


With about three-fourths or 75% of the Earth's surface covered with water; and with abundant oceans, seas, rivers, lakes, bays, streams, brooks, creeks, and ponds on Earth, some ask, "How possibly could there be a water crisis or an impending shortage of water on Earth?" The following videos provide an overview of the water challenge:

Watch (UN: Water: The Drop of Life)




Watch (FAO's Water Scarcity)




Watch (CSBTV20's Water: Who Needs It?)




Watch (NASA / USGS | Landsat: A Space Age Water Gauge)




Watch (Where is Water? - The Water Rooms #2)


Another component of the scarce freshwater problem is this: There is competition among competing parties to use the available freshwater in society. The main competitors are households, businesses, and governments. Within the business sector, it has been noted that the farming or agriculture industry is the biggest user of freshwater. As more freshwater in a society is allocated to farming, then less becomes available for households and other kinds of businesses to use. The table and images below present a more visual overview of the future freshwater challenge.

Where Is Earth's Water


competing water uses


Total Renewable Water Resources (TRWR)
Click gray column headers to sort data in table.
Count Country Region 2014's Total renewable water resources (cubic meters) 2015's Total Population Estimate 2014's Total renewable water resources per person cubic meters [Total renewable water resources] / [Total population]
1 Afghanistan Asia 65,330,000,000 32,527,000 2,008
2 Aland Islands Europe Not Available Not Available Not Available
3 Albania Europe 30,200,000,000 2,897,000 10,425
4 Algeria Africa 11,670,000,000 39,667,000 294
5 American Samoa Pacific Ocean Not Available Not Available Not Available
6 Andorra Europe 315,600,000 70,470 4,479
7 Angola Africa 148,400,000,000 25,022,000 5,931
8 Anguilla West Indies Not Available Not Available Not Available
9 Antarctica Antarctica Not Available Not Available Not Available
10 Antigua and Barbuda West Indies 52,000,000 91,820 566
11 Argentina South America 876,200,000,000 43,417,000 20,181
12 Armenia Asia 7,769,000,000 3,018,000 2,574
13 Aruba West Indies Not Available Not Available Not Available
14 Australia Australasia 492,000,000,000 23,969,000 20,527
15 Austria Europe 77,700,000,000 8,545,000 9,093
16 Azerbaijan Asia 34,680,000,000 9,754,000 3,555
17 Bahamas West Indies 700,000,000 388,000 1,804
18 Bahrain Asia 116,000,000 1,377,000 84
19 Bangladesh Asia 1,227,000,000,000 160,996,000 7,621
20 Barbados West Indies 80,000,000 284,200 282
21 Belarus Europe 57,900,000,000 9,496,000 6,097
22 Belgium Europe 18,300,000,000 11,299,000 1,620
23 Belize Central America 21,730,000,000 359,300 60,479
24 Benin Africa 26,390,000,000 10,880,000 2,426
25 Bermuda Atlantic Ocean Not Available Not Available Not Available
26 Bhutan Asia 78,000,000,000 774,800 100,671
27 Bolivia (Plurinational State of) South America 574,000,000,000 10,725,000 53,520
28 Bonaire, Sint Eustatius and Saba West Indies Not Available Not Available Not Available
29 Bosnia and Herzegovina Europe 37,500,000,000 3,810,000 9,843
30 Botswana Africa 12,240,000,000 2,262,000 5,411
31 Bouvet Island Atlantic Ocean Not Available Not Available Not Available
32 Brazil South America 8,647,000,000,000 207,848,000 41,603
33 British Indian Ocean Territory Indian Ocean Not Available Not Available Not Available
34 British Virgin Islands West Indies Not Available Not Available Not Available
35 Brunei Darussalam Asia 8,500,000,000 423,200 20,085
36 Bulgaria Europe 21,300,000,000 7,150,000 2,979
37 Burkina Faso Africa 13,500,000,000 18,106,000 746
38 Burundi Africa 12,540,000,000 11,179,000 1,122
39 Cabo Verde Atlantic Ocean 300,000,000 520,500 576
40 Cambodia Asia 476,100,000,000 15,578,000 30,562
41 Cameroon Africa 283,100,000,000 23,344,000 12,127
42 Canada North America 2,902,000,000,000 35,940,000 80,746
43 Cayman Islands West Indies Not Available Not Available Not Available
44 Central African Republic Africa 141,000,000,000 4,900,000 28,776
45 Chad Africa 45,700,000,000 14,037,000 3,256
46 Chile South America 923,100,000,000 17,948,000 51,432
47 China Asia 2,840,000,000,000 1,407,306,000 2,018
48 China (Hong Kong Special Administrative Region) Asia Not Available Not Available Not Available
49 China (Macao Special Administrative Region) Asia Not Available Not Available Not Available
50 Christmas Island Indian Ocean Not Available Not Available Not Available
51 Cocos [Keeling] Islands Indian Ocean Not Available Not Available Not Available
52 Colombia South America 2,360,000,000,000 48,229,000 48,933
53 Comoros Indian Ocean 1,200,000,000 788,500 1,522
54 Congo Africa 832,000,000,000 4,620,000 180,087
55 Cook Islands Pacific Ocean Not Available 20,830 Not Available
56 Costa Rica Central America 113,000,000,000 4,808,000 23,502
57 Cote d'Ivoire (Ivory Coast) Africa 84,140,000,000 22,702,000 3,706
58 Croatia Europe 105,500,000,000 4,240,000 24,882
59 Cuba West Indies 38,120,000,000 11,390,000 3,347
60 Curacao West Indies Not Available Not Available Not Available
61 Cyprus Asia 780,000,000 1,165,000 670
62 Czech Republic Europe 13,150,000,000 10,543,000 1,247
63 Democratic People's Republic of Korea (North Korea) Asia 77,150,000,000 25,155,000 3,067
64 Democratic Republic of the Congo Africa 1,283,000,000,000 77,267,000 16,605
65 Denmark Europe 6,000,000,000 5,669,000 1,058
66 Djibouti Africa 300,000,000 887,900 338
67 Dominica West Indies 200,000,000 72,680 2,752
68 Dominican Republic West Indies 23,500,000,000 10,528,000 2,232
69 Ecuador South America 442,400,000,000 16,144,000 27,403
70 Egypt Africa 58,300,000,000 91,508,000 637
71 El Salvador Central America 26,270,000,000 6,127,000 4,288
72 Equatorial Guinea Africa 26,000,000,000 845,100 30,766
73 Eritrea Africa 7,315,000,000 5,228,000 1,399
74 Estonia Europe 12,810,000,000 1,313,000 9,756
75 Ethiopia Africa 122,000,000,000 99,391,000 1,227
76 Faeroe Islands Atlantic Ocean Not Available 48,200 Not Available
77 Falkland Islands (Malvinas) Atlantic Ocean Not Available Not Available Not Available
78 Fiji Pacific Ocean 28,550,000,000 892,100 32,003
79 Finland Europe 110,000,000,000 5,503,000 19,989
80 France Europe 211,000,000,000 64,395,000 3,277
81 French Guiana South America Not Available Not Available Not Available
82 French Polynesia Pacific Ocean Not Available Not Available Not Available
83 French Southern Territories Indian Ocean Not Available Not Available Not Available
84 Gabon Africa 166,000,000,000 1,725,000 96,232
85 Gambia Africa 8,000,000,000 1,991,000 4,018
86 Georgia Asia 63,330,000,000 4,000,000 15,832
87 Germany Europe 154,000,000,000 80,689,000 1,909
88 Ghana Africa 56,200,000,000 27,410,000 2,050
89 Gibraltar Europe Not Available Not Available Not Available
90 Greece Europe 68,400,000,000 10,955,000 6,244
91 Greenland North America Not Available Not Available Not Available
92 Grenada West Indies 200,000,000 106,800 1,873
93 Guadeloupe West Indies Not Available Not Available Not Available
94 Guam Pacific Ocean Not Available Not Available Not Available
95 Guatemala Central America 127,900,000,000 16,343,000 7,826
96 Guernsey Europe Not Available Not Available Not Available
97 Guinea Africa 226,000,000,000 12,609,000 17,924
98 Guinea-Bissau Africa 31,400,000,000 1,844,000 17,028
99 Guyana South America 271,000,000,000 767,100 353,279
100 Haiti West Indies 14,030,000,000 10,711,000 1,310
101 Heard Island and McDonald Islands Indian Ocean Not Available Not Available Not Available
102 Holy See Europe Not Available 800 Not Available
103 Honduras Central America 92,160,000,000 8,075,000 11,413
104 Hungary Europe 104,000,000,000 9,855,000 10,553
105 Iceland Europe 170,000,000,000 329,400 516,090
106 India Asia 1,911,000,000,000 1,311,051,000 1,458
107 Indonesia Asia 2,019,000,000,000 257,564,000 7,839
108 Iran (Islamic Republic of) Asia 137,000,000,000 79,109,000 1,732
109 Iraq Asia 89,860,000,000 36,423,000 2,467
110 Ireland Europe 52,000,000,000 4,688,000 11,092
111 Isle of Man Europe Not Available Not Available Not Available
112 Israel Asia 1,780,000,000 8,064,000 221
113 Italy Europe 191,300,000,000 59,798,000 3,199
114 Jamaica West Indies 10,820,000,000 2,793,000 3,874
115 Japan Asia 430,000,000,000 126,573,000 3,397
116 Jersey Europe Not Available Not Available Not Available
117 Jordan Asia 937,000,000 7,595,000 123
118 Kazakhstan Asia 108,400,000,000 17,625,000 6,150
119 Kenya Africa 30,700,000,000 46,050,000 667
120 Kiribati Pacific Ocean Not Available 112,400 Not Available
121 Kosovo Europe Not Available Not Available Not Available
122 Kuwait Asia 20,000,000 3,892,000 5
123 Kyrgyzstan Asia 23,620,000,000 5,940,000 3,976
124 Lao People's Democratic Republic Asia 333,500,000,000 6,802,000 49,030
125 Latvia Europe 34,940,000,000 1,970,000 17,736
126 Lebanon Asia 4,503,000,000 5,851,000 770
127 Lesotho Africa 3,022,000,000 2,135,000 1,415
128 Liberia Africa 232,000,000,000 4,503,000 51,521
129 Libya Africa 700,000,000 6,278,000 112
130 Liechtenstein Europe Not Available 37,530 Not Available
131 Lithuania Europe 24,500,000,000 2,878,000 8,513
132 Luxembourg Europe 3,500,000,000 567,100 6,172
133 Macedonia, the former Yugoslav Republic of Europe 6,400,000,000 2,078,000 3,080
134 Madagascar Africa 337,000,000,000 24,235,000 13,906
135 Malawi Africa 17,280,000,000 17,215,000 1,004
136 Malaysia Asia 580,000,000,000 30,331,000 19,122
137 Maldives Indian Ocean 30,000,000 363,700 82
138 Mali Africa 120,000,000,000 17,600,000 6,818
139 Malta Europe 50,500,000 418,700 121
140 Marshall Islands Pacific Ocean Not Available 52,990 Not Available
141 Martinique West Indies Not Available Not Available Not Available
142 Mauritania Africa 11,400,000,000 4,068,000 2,802
143 Mauritius Indian Ocean 2,751,000,000 1,273,000 2,161
144 Mayotte Indian Ocean Not Available Not Available Not Available
145 Mexico North America 461,900,000,000 127,017,000 3,637
146 Micronesia (Federated States of) Pacific Ocean Not Available 104,500 Not Available
147 Monaco Europe Not Available 37,730 Not Available
148 Mongolia Asia 34,800,000,000 2,959,000 11,761
149 Montenegro Europe Not Available 625,800 Not Available
150 Montserrat West Indies Not Available Not Available Not Available
151 Morocco Africa 29,000,000,000 34,378,000 844
152 Mozambique Africa 217,100,000,000 27,978,000 7,760
153 Myanmar (Burma) Asia 1,168,000,000,000 53,897,000 21,671
154 Namibia Africa 39,910,000,000 2,459,000 16,230
155 Nauru Pacific Ocean Not Available 10,220 Not Available
156 Nepal Asia 210,200,000,000 28,514,000 7,372
157 Netherlands Europe 91,000,000,000 16,925,000 5,377
158 New Caledonia Pacific Ocean Not Available Not Available Not Available
159 New Zealand Australasia 327,000,000,000 4,529,000 72,201
160 Nicaragua Central America 164,500,000,000 6,082,000 27,047
161 Niger Africa 34,050,000,000 19,899,000 1,711
162 Nigeria Africa 286,200,000,000 182,202,000 1,571
163 Niue Pacific Ocean Not Available 1,610 Not Available
164 Norfolk Island Australasia Not Available Not Available Not Available
165 Northern Mariana Islands Pacific Ocean Not Available Not Available Not Available
166 Norway Europe 393,000,000,000 5,211,000 75,417
167 Oman Asia 1,400,000,000 4,491,000 312
168 Pakistan Asia 246,800,000,000 188,925,000 1,306
169 Palau Pacific Ocean Not Available 21,290 Not Available
170 Palestine (State of) Asia 837,000,000 4,668,000 179
171 Panama Central America 139,300,000,000 3,929,000 35,454
172 Papua New Guinea Asia 801,000,000,000 7,619,000 105,132
173 Paraguay South America 387,800,000,000 6,639,000 58,412
174 Peru South America 1,880,000,000,000 31,377,000 59,916
175 Philippines Asia 479,000,000,000 100,699,000 4,757
176 Pitcairn Islands Pacific Ocean Not Available Not Available Not Available
177 Poland Europe 60,500,000,000 38,612,000 1,567
178 Portugal Europe 77,400,000,000 10,350,000 7,478
179 Puerto Rico West Indies 7,100,000,000 3,683,000 1,928
180 Qatar Asia 58,000,000 2,235,000 26
181 Republic of Korea (South Korea) Asia 69,700,000,000 50,293,000 1,386
182 Republic of Moldova Europe 12,270,000,000 4,069,000 3,015
183 Reunion Indian Ocean Not Available Not Available Not Available
184 Romania Europe 212,000,000,000 19,511,000 10,866
185 Russian Federation Europe 4,525,000,000,000 143,457,000 31,543
186 Rwanda Africa 13,300,000,000 11,610,000 1,146
187 Saint Helena Atlantic Ocean Not Available Not Available Not Available
188 Saint Kitts and Nevis West Indies 24,000,000 55,570 432
189 Saint Lucia West Indies 300,000,000 185,000 1,622
190 Saint Martin West Indies Not Available Not Available Not Available
191 Saint Pierre and Miquelon North America Not Available Not Available Not Available
192 Saint Vincent and the Grenadines West Indies 100,000,000 109,500 913
193 Saint-Barthelemy West Indies Not Available Not Available Not Available
194 Samoa Pacific Ocean Not Available 193,200 Not Available
195 San Marino Europe Not Available 31,780 Not Available
196 Sao Tome and Principe Africa 2,180,000,000 190,300 11,456
197 Saudi Arabia Asia 2,400,000,000 31,540,000 76
198 Senegal Africa 38,970,000,000 15,129,000 2,576
199 Serbia Europe 162,200,000,000 8,851,000 18,326
200 Seychelles Indian Ocean Not Available 96,470 Not Available
201 Sierra Leone Africa 160,000,000,000 6,453,000 24,795
202 Singapore Asia 600,000,000 5,604,000 107
203 Sint Maarten West Indies Not Available Not Available Not Available
204 Slovakia Europe 50,100,000,000 5,426,000 9,233
205 Slovenia Europe 31,870,000,000 2,068,000 15,411
206 Solomon Islands Pacific Ocean 44,700,000,000 583,600 76,594
207 Somalia Africa 14,700,000,000 10,787,000 1,363
208 South Africa Africa 51,350,000,000 54,490,000 942
209 South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands Atlantic Ocean Not Available Not Available Not Available
210 South Sudan Africa 49,500,000,000 12,340,000 4,011
211 Spain Europe 111,500,000,000 46,122,000 2,418
212 Sri Lanka Asia 52,800,000,000 20,715,000 2,549
213 Sudan Africa 37,800,000,000 40,235,000 940
214 Suriname South America 99,000,000,000 543,000 182,320
215 Svalbard and Jan Mayen Islands Europe Not Available Not Available Not Available
216 Swaziland Africa 4,510,000,000 1,287,000 3,504
217 Sweden Europe 174,000,000,000 9,779,000 17,793
218 Switzerland Europe 53,500,000,000 8,299,000 6,447
219 Syrian Arab Republic Asia 16,800,000,000 18,502,000 908
220 Taiwan Asia Not Available Not Available Not Available
221 Tajikistan Asia 21,910,000,000 8,482,000 2,583
222 Thailand Asia 438,600,000,000 67,959,000 6,454
223 Timor-Leste (East Timor) Asia 8,215,000,000 1,185,000 6,932
224 Togo Africa 14,700,000,000 7,305,000 2,012
225 Tokelau Pacific Ocean Not Available 1,250 Not Available
226 Tonga Pacific Ocean Not Available 106,200 Not Available
227 Trinidad and Tobago West Indies 3,840,000,000 1,360,000 2,824
228 Tunisia Africa 4,615,000,000 11,254,000 410
229 Turkey Asia 211,600,000,000 78,666,000 2,690
230 Turkmenistan Asia 24,770,000,000 5,374,000 4,609
231 Turks and Caicos Islands West Indies Not Available Not Available Not Available
232 Tuvalu Pacific Ocean Not Available 9,920 Not Available
233 Uganda Africa 60,100,000,000 39,032,000 1,540
234 Ukraine Europe 175,300,000,000 44,824,000 3,911
235 United Arab Emirates Asia 150,000,000 9,157,000 16
236 United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland Europe 147,000,000,000 64,716,000 2,271
237 United Republic of Tanzania Africa 96,270,000,000 53,470,000 1,800
238 United States Minor Outlying Islands Pacific Ocean Not Available Not Available Not Available
239 United States of America North America 3,069,000,000,000 321,774,000 9,538
240 United States Virgin Islands West Indies Not Available Not Available Not Available
241 Uruguay South America 172,200,000,000 3,432,000 50,175
242 Uzbekistan Asia 48,870,000,000 29,893,000 1,635
243 Vanuatu Pacific Ocean 10,000,000,000 264,600 37,793
244 Venezuela (Bolivarian Republic of) South America 1,325,000,000,000 31,108,000 42,594
245 Vietnam Asia 884,100,000,000 93,448,000 9,461
246 Wallis and Futuna Islands Pacific Ocean Not Available Not Available Not Available
247 Western Sahara Africa Not Available Not Available Not Available
248 Yemen Asia 2,100,000,000 26,832,000 78
249 Zambia Africa 104,800,000,000 16,212,000 6,464
250 Zimbabwe Africa 20,000,000,000 15,603,000 1,282
DATA SOURCE FOR TABLE:
AQUASTAT Main Database | Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO)

Note: 1 cubic meter = 1,000 liters and is equivalent to 33,814 USA fluid ounces or 264 USA liquid gallons. It is recommended that each human drink at least 8 glasses of water a day, which is equivalent to 64 ounces, 2 quarts or close to 2 liters of water a day.



total renewable water resources per person in 2014

Although it is not obvious without sorting the above table, based on available data as of 2014, it shows that in a total sense, Brazil, Russia, the USA, Canada, and China, respectively, possess the largest stocks of freshwater. However, on a per person basis, Iceland, Guyana, Suriname, Congo (Brazzaville), and Paupa New Guinea, respectively, possess the largest stocks of freshwater. This total versus per-person availability of freshwater dichotomy suggests that a society's population is an important determinant of freshwater availability. The availability of technology to harness a society's freshwater resources is an important determinant of freshwater use. Ultimately, society decides how fresh water resources are allocated. In some societies, the free market forces of supply, demand, and prices are the chief drivers of freshwater allocation. In other societies, central government officials mainly determine how the society's stock of freshwater is to be allocated. Sometimes a combination of free markets and government subsidies determine how a society's freshwater resources are allocated.

As the above videos and table illustrate, the answer to the aforementioned question [that is, with about three-fourths or 75% of the Earth's surface covered with water; and with abundant oceans, seas, rivers, lakes, bays, streams, brooks, creeks, and ponds on Earth, how possibly could there be a water crisis or an impending shortage of water on Earth?] is simple. While water is plentiful on Earth, most of the Earth's water is not drinkable or usable by humans in its present form. Moreover, fresh, drinkable water is not equally distributed or equally accessible across Earth. Many bodies of the Earth's water contain salt, undesirable minerals, and other pollutants. Humans would become sick if they drank this untreated water. This unusable water must be treated before it is safe and clean for humans to drink, or before it is fit for growing crops and producing other kinds of products that humans desire. Using current human technology, it is expensive and, in some instances, it is detrimental to the environment to transform large quantities of water into a form that is safe and fit for humans to use. The following videos illustrate contemporary human approaches to desalinate and purify water:

Watch (CSBTV20's Water From Water - Desalination)




Watch (CSBTV20's Ground Water: Banking on the Future of Water Resources)




Watch (CSBTV20's Water From Water - Recycling)


For the most part, the technology and knowledge exist to tackle the world's water crisis. The obstacles seem to be threefold. On the one hand, there appears to be a shortage of money and human will power to spread this water knowledge and technology around the world. On the other hand, the required technology, knowledge, and expertise primarily tend to be concentrated in the so-called West where they appear to be needed the least urgently. Finally, there are political and cultural barriers to change in some developing countries.

One development strategy, the they-come-to-us strategy, has been to invite students from developing countries to study in Western colleges and universities. The goal is to provide these students with the knowledge and skills they need to tackle problems such as the water crisis. A drawback to the they-come-to-us strategy has been too few students get the opportunity to study abroad, and some of them tend to remain in the West after completing their studies. Another drawback to the they-come-to-us strategy is that, upon returning home, these students often lack the financial resources and infrastructure needed to apply their newly acquired knowledge and skills on a broad scale.

Another approach, the we-go-to-them development strategy, has been for church, charitable, non-governmental, and governmental organizations to go to developing countries to share their knowledge and technology. While I am certain that every little bit of assistance helps and is greatly appreciated by the host developing countries, a drawback to the we-go-to-them strategy has been the fact that the assistance usually is not nearly on the scale required to make a significant dent in the problem. Another drawback to the we-go-to-them strategy is this: It is not an integrated, comprehensive, or holistic strategy.

Even if a holistic strategy existed, in some developing countries, sometimes there are other (mainly cultural and political) barriers to overcome. Due to historical and customary preferences for, and preoccupation with, things such as tribalism, animism, spiritualism, sorcery, superstitions, and so forth, sometimes there is intensive resistance to external attempts to change the status quo, say, by bringing a scientific educational curricula into remote villages or, say, by advocating for a more prominent role for women in society. These new ways of doing things often upset established thinking, beliefs, customs, and practices. These new ways of doing things sometimes lead to conflict. The dilemma is this: Without things such as education, organizational and administrative structure, and private property rights, the citizens of developing countries would not be able to maintain their newly constructed water infrastructure. With the passage of time, due to a lack of maintenance or upkeep, the water infrastructure would fall into disrepair and would become dysfunctional. The development attempt would have been futile or a waste of time, effort, and resources. When people own property outright, generally speaking, they seem to exhibit a more sustained commitment to taking good care of the things they own.

Knowing that a water crisis looms over the horizon, it is a signal to students and to businesses that lots of opportunities exist in the field of water development. Some college students might wish to consider studying various methodologies for arresting the world's impending water crisis. This group of students most likely will find good jobs in the water industry. They most likely will earn decent salaries. Businesses might wish to consider supplying the market with innovative water solutions to help alleviate the coming water crisis. Businesses can make money, for instance, by selling their unique solutions to central governments or by achieving greater productive efficiencies when integrating these solutions into their own production processes. IBM Corporation and Procter & Gamble are two such private-sector businesses that appear to be innovative pacesetters in the water crisis arena. There are many lesser known private-sector water innovators, too, such as AquaLocate and Brumby Pumps.

Watch (The Role of Business in Tomorrow's Society)




Watch ("We Have to Live within the Carrying Capacity of the Earth")




Watch (Visions of a Sustainable World)


The following link offers a different perspective on the water crisis.

Click Here to View Another Perspective on the Water Crisis


Additional Links for the Water Crisis:

  1. TheWaterChannel
  2. The World's Water
  3. Freshwater Ecoregions of the World
  4. WBCSD - World Business Council for Sustainable Development
  5. Rio+20
  6. Dimensions of need - Water: A finite resource | FAO
  7. FAO Water, Development and Management Unit
  8. Home | World Bank - Water
  9. IBM Global Innovation Outlook (GIO) - Water and the Oceans
  10. IBM Water Management - United States
  11. Architecture and Vision - 085 | WarkaWater2 | 2014
  12. Global Development And Environment Institute | Water: Economics and Policy | Tufts University
  13. Mission and Vision | 2030 Water Resources Group
  14. Where is Earth's water? |USGS Water-Science School
  15. Fresh Water Resources Around the World | Earth Web Site



FLATTR THIS SITE:






SEARCH THIS SITE:






Intellectual Property Disclosures: All videos and songs (as well as many of the images) referenced or spotlighted throughout this website are the legal and intellectual properties of others. All content and opinions on this website () are those of the author (Edward Bruessard) exclusively and do not necessarily reflect the opinions of the contributors, creators, owners, and distributors of these referenced videos, songs, and images. The author holds no legal interest or financial stake in any of these referenced videos, songs, and images. The contributors, creators, owners, and distributors of these referenced videos, songs, and images played no role at all regarding the appearance of said videos, songs, and images throughout this website; they had no clue that this website would be spotlighting their works.


Quick Information:

See the 'About the Author' page of this website

ORDER PRODUCTS HERE

get it now

A. Get the Electronic or Digital Version of the Book (Abridged 2nd Edition)

  1. E-junkie
  2. XinXii

Get the Digital Version of the Book Now (Abridged 2nd Edition):

    a. eBook (epub)
    Add to Cart

    b. eBook (mobi)
    Add to Cart

    c. Flipbook (exe) Windows
    Add to Cart

    d. Flipbook (app) MacOS
    Add to Cart

B. Get the Print Version of the Book (Abridged 2nd Edition)

1329_cover_front
Buy_now

C. Get the Excel Spreadsheet with Formulas

  1. Select Tables
    Add to Cart

D. Get the Offline pdf Version of This Website

  1. Offline Website Version
    Add to Cart

View Cart

CONTACT US

  1. Sendmail
  2. Email

TRENDING NOW

  1. Facebook
  2. Twitter
  3. YouTube
  4. 4 U 2 Comment

RELATED BRUESSARD WEBSITES